Did you agree or disagree with the author and why?What NEW information did you contribute to this author’s post?Why is this NEW information important?The patient, Ramond Jones, was admitted into the ER due to clinical manifestations such as hoarseness, a chronic cough, and wheezing. The cause or etiology is idiopathic because “the cause is unknown”; however the patient’s practice of smoking, alcohol consumption, and heroin use are all risk factors for COPD or lung cancer (Banasik 2022, Pg.2). X-ray examination shows that he has lesions on the upper right lobe as well as 3.5 cm mass tumor. Pathogenesis “refers to the development or evolution of a disease” (Banasik 2022, Pg.2). It is evident that Mr.Jone’s habits of risky behaviors such as smoking have resulted in physiological damage as seen in his history of infections, hypertension, bloody sputum, low WBC/RBC platelet counts, and high carcinoembryonic antigen levels, all of which are effects of cancer. COPD results from destruction and inflammation of the alveoli and bronchioles. Such “disruptions in cellular behavior lead to changes in organ and system function”(Banasik 2022, Pg.62). Tumors are a result of cellular adaptive responses such as hyperplasia, an increase in the number of cells, and/or dysplasia, “disorganized appearance of cells … of abnormal variations in size, shape, and arrangement” (Banasik 2022, Pg.67). Mr. Jones has been referred to a pathologist and oncologist to determine if the tumor is benign. His treatment and management includes further testing, and he may be prescribed medication to alleviate symptoms and advised to quit smoking.
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